Peace walk brochure - click
A feature of the Rose Garden is the adjoining Peace Garden.  This has an interesting history, and is tied to the Japanese Gardens that once existed within the Botanic Garden.  But the history of the Peace Garden did not start here, and here is the story. 



Japanese Garden and lantern




The illustration is from the front of a card that the Japan Society had printed many years ago. The artist was Michael Fowler who was the Mayor of Wellington at the time of the gifting of the lantern. He accepted the lantern on behalf of the citizens of Wellington at the handing over ceremony in the Gardens on 6 March 1976 and subsequently gave the Society the drawing used on these cards.

Drawing was completed on the original wetland site south of the Duck Pond

Lantern represents
"the light being shone on the path of friendship and understanding
"
President of the Japan Society of NZ Mr Robert Wheeler (1975)

The first modest 'Japanese' garden' was constructed on Myrtle Way, opposite the present hydrangea collection around the mid 1950's. The centre piece was a cherry tree, with some other typical Japanese plants, including some azaleas in a small garden surrounded by a circular path. At the back was a small pond created from the small stream running through the area.  The cherry is long gone, but the remains of the pond can still be seen.



Site of original Japanese Garden No image of the original garden available
'New" Japanese Garden behind Duck Pond on knoll Official receipt from Tokyo Stone Company Nov 1972


From the Evening Post 6 March 1976 pg. 48  (The best copy available)
In the original wetland site





8 foot high lantern of type originally suggested

Lighting the Hiroshima Peace flame
 (from left) Mamoru Niwa (Shinto Priest). Fran Wilde (Mayor of Wellington). Peter Kundycki (landcscape architect, Wellington City Council).  27 June 1994.




The Japan Society of Wellington  originally gifted a lantern to Wellington, where it was intended to establish a Japanese Garden on a knoll in the Wetland Garden by the Duck Pond (where a seat now stands) in 1975.  It appears no consensus was reached regarding design aspects of the new garden, and the project was not completed. The Japan Society of Wellington NZ (Inc) – originally named The Japan Society of NZ (Inc) donated the lantern, and provided some other funds and a Japanese landscape gardener was brought out and donations were made towards the garden establishment. The lantern was designed and made in Japan. 

The proposal by the Japan Society was initiated in June 1968 on the initiative of a Mr J.Malcolm.    Later that year Ian Galloway Manager of the Garden accepted the proposal in 1968,  initially for a lantern 6 foot high standing on a 2 foot base. On receipt of the catalogue from the Japanese supplier an order was placed for the existing lantern, with payment made in late 1972 for $NZ364.35 although duty charged of $180 was refunded.

As there was no immediate site for the lantern, it was initially located within the Begonia House. 


Peace Flame in lantern

On 6 March 1976 the lantern was formally handed over to the safekeeping of the Garden on the wetland site by the Duck Pond.

The lantern was relocated from the area near the duckpond and adapted to house the Peace Flame in 1994.  Vandalism incidents in the wetland site and the ability to provide a  more secure site made the move attractive. (The spike on the top of the lantern was broken in one incident, and was ground to give a lower, tidy peak).   The lantern and the Peace Flame were separately gifted to the citizens of Wellington and both deserve to have their history remembered. The coming together of the two of them in their present situation seems ‘just right’. 

Peace Gardens and Flame

Remembrance Ridge

The development of the Garden of Remembrance or first Peace Garden dates back to 1949 when the Citizens' War Memorial Committee initiated a competition and invited registered architects to design a plan for a garden to honour the fallen in two world wars.  The project was made possible by public donations, and a bequest of £1,313 ($2,626) from Miss M A Rowland.   The proposal included a sunken garden which added to the cost.   The original Peace Garden covers  what is now known as Remembrance Ridge, and even at the time that it was being developed it was known both as the Peace Garden and the Garden of Remembrance. The original plan designed by the Architectural Centre in 1949 was not used (click to view) . Unfortunately the winning design was too expensive, (some £10,000 - over $650,000 in 2014 dollars) and the project lapsed until 1958. The proposed garden ran from just uphill from the Rudderstone Sculpture up to where Scrub Path leaves the main drive, encompassing the whole cleared ridge area,  an area of 2 acres - approximately .8 ha.  



Hiroshima Day Cherry  (photo above taken 1980)
planted 1969  with plaque (now missing).  Second photo (above right)
 c 1985?   Above lower left photo 2010

During the late 1950's the ridge above the Rose Garden and Begonia House, now occupied by the Garden of Remembrance,  was developed. This is part of a route linking the Cable Car to the weather office with the Herb Garden and zig zag down to the Rose Garden.  When the garden was finally built in 1959 it was quite different to the original 1949 proposal, and modest in terms of cost and elaboration.  The Director at the time, Edward  Hutt, who originated the plan, made the most of the existing resources of the site.  Gorse, broom, and the remnants of kanuka scrub were cleared.  Some of the old pines were cut down and their stumps removed by blasting. The old conifers dating from the days of the Board, many of them species and varieties of chamaecypans, were retained, and used as the main features of the new garden.  They now ornament lawns on two levels divided by a paved terrace backed by a wall of glazed bricks.  A path crosses the length of the upper lawn to the terrace, and brick walling edges the Garden along the boundary drive.  From the upper lawn a lookout gives a view over the north western part of the city although the view is now partially obscured by tree growth.  In 1959 and 1960 extensive plantings of shrubs were added.  Most of these have not survived partly owing to encroaching shade trees, but more to the difficulty of providing the area with adequate maintenance and water over the summer months.  The garden appears to cover the quite extensive area of the original proposal, but  but more modest in scale.

For  Hiroshima Day 1945 a cherry tree was planted on 6 August 1969 below the Children's Playground. A plaque was installed, but this has been lost some time ago.

The idea of a Sound Shell (see Director Edward Hutt) in the Botanic Garden was suggested by the Wellington Bands Association as a memorial to bandsmen who had died during the Two World Wars. The Bands Association offered to finance the construction  pound for pound with the City Corporation, with the hope that it would be erected in time for the Royal Visit of 1949. They also proposed a design for the building which was rejected by the Ministry of Works.  However, the City Corporation was still interested in constructing the Sound Shell, so reworked the design and called for tenders in 1951. However, no tenders were offered, despite three attempts. Several months later two tenders were received, but were considered too high by the City Engineer, being £1659 in excess of his estimate. Eventually, the Wellington City Council decided to go ahead with the construction  by using the labour of carpenters on a cooperative basis. The cost  was not to exceed £4000, with the Bands Association contributing £1200 and Council the remainder.  By using cooperative labour, the Sound Shell finally cost £3245.

Original Band Rotunda    built 1907, used to 1953. c 1926.  Replaced  by the present structure - image below
(plaque visible in front, below stage)

Designed by R.A.E. Osten and S.E. Gurney, it was opened on 5 December 1953, but with  some controversy. The Wellington Bands Association hoped to participate in the opening  and unveil a plaque to ‘Wellington bandsmen who lost their lives in both World Wars’. However, the Council was deemed ‘lackadaisical’ in inviting band members to the event, and as a consequence many bands were already booked and unable to play at the opening of their Memorial Sound Shell.  The dispute was headline news,  however the opening was still attended by a good-sized crowd. It was used during the Royal Visit of early 1954. Its popularity continued with an open-air dance which attracted 8000 people in January 1954. Musical expert, Lt. Col. F. Vivian Dunn, commented that the Sound Shell ‘and natural amphitheatre in front of it are assets with tremendous potentialities’.

In 1971 the waterfall, pond, brick shelter and wall, and path access from the weather office were all built. The Norwood family gift also made possible the construction of a sloping bank to the south of the waterfall, covering an unsightly cliff where the hill had been cut away. This provided the central basis for what was eventually developed as the Peace Garden.

Wellington City and its citizens have been active in promoting peace, tolerance and understanding in the local community and in the world. Wellington became a Nuclear-Weapon Free Zone in on April 14th 1982 by decision of the Wellington City Council.  New Zealand declared that it would become Nuclear free in 1984 and the national legislation was passed in 1987. 

Peace Garden link

Controversy erupted in 1991 when a peace garden link to the Bolton Street Memorial Park was proposed that would have reduced the size of the Anderson Park playing field. After public consultation in 1995, it was decided that a full size cricket/soccer field would remain. An improved pedestrian and visual link was instead developed alongside the roadway between Glenmore and Kinross Streets in 2005.

The declaration by the Wellington City Council in 1993

Peace Garden dedication

Logo:
 International Peace Garden, Berlin

After the legislation was passed the anti-nuclear community  worked with the Japanese Anti-Nuclear campaigners of the time with the view to bring the Hiroshima and Nagasaki Peace flame to Wellington.   The Peace Garden  and Peace Flame in the lantern described above was developed around the pond constructed in 1971.  It was dedicated on June 25th 1994 by the Mayor of Wellington Fran Wilde and The Very Reverend Saga San, Abbot of the Toshogu Shrine, Ueno, Tokyo, Japan.

The Peace Garden nests against a bank that is part of the Botanic Gardens Rose Garden. There is a small covered area with a seat. There is some information written in stone that gives a history surrounding the garden.  On one side of the entrance is a piece of stone that came from Hiroshima.


Peace Flame and plaque
Hiroshima stone and plaque

Location of Peace Garden S 41° 16.855 E 174° 46.205


‘Nagasaki’ tree for Wellington’s Peace Garden

A camphor tree, originating from a tree that survived the 1945 bombing of Nagasaki, was planted by Mayor Kerry Prendergast near the Peace Garden in the Wellington Botanic Garden.

The parent tree, like most others, was burned to the ground in the bombing of the Japanese sea port of Nagasaki on 9 August, 1945. However, the tree regrew and is revered in Japan as a symbol of hope and new beginnings. It sits on the site of a shrine that was almost totally destroyed in the blast.

Three camphor laurel trees, propagated from this tree, were presented to Christchurch by Mayor Itoh of Nagasaki during a visit in May 2002. The gift was in recognition of the support given by New Zealand mayors to the anti-nuclear cause.

The tree planted in Wellington was carefully nurtured from a cutting taken from one of those three trees and was given to Wellington by Christchurch Mayor Garry Moore.

Mayor Prendergast, who was a member of the worldwide Mayors for Peace Network, planted the tree at the foot of Norwood Path adjacent to the Lady Norwood Rose Garden on Monday 27 June 2005.

The two devastated Sannō camphor trees, 1945

As noted at the time ...“The camphor tree is a survivor. It is a testament to the hope that peace can triumph over war and will be an important addition to the Peace Garden which marks this city’s proud stance for peace and nuclear disarmament,” said Mayor Prendergast.

“The Peace Garden is a lasting reminder to Wellingtonians and visitors of the importance of peace in our communities, the important role Wellington has as the capital of a nuclear-free New Zealand to maintain that peace, and the contribution made to world peace by members of our community.”

Already holding pride of place in the Peace Garden is the Peace Flame which was ignited by a flame created by the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, three days before Nagasaki. The flame was presented by the people of Japan to New Zealand as a salute to our efforts to halt the spread of atomic weapons.

Two months after the atomic bombing, Lieutenant R.J. Battersby photographed Nagasaki. He captured a non-denominational devastation. Cathedrals and shrines were dealt identical fates. And no discrimination was given between the creations of mankind and the creations of Mother Earth.

“Within a radius of one kilometre from ground zero, men and animals died almost instantaneously from the tremendous blast pressure and heat; houses and other structures were smashed, crushed and scattered; and fires broke out. The strong complex steel members of the structures of the Mitsubishi Steel Works were bent and twisted like jelly and the roofs of the reinforced concrete National Schools were crumpled and collapsed, indicating a force beyond imagination. Trees of all sizes lost their branches or were uprooted or broke off at the trunk.“

Camphor Tree
Original tree at Sannō Shinto Shrine Nagasaki, 2014
from which cuttings of Garden tree obtained
Nagasaki Camphor tree in Garden, 2014
See 2005 photo above.  No plaque but name label at base
Located at start of Norwood Path left of Peace Garden

Amazingly, some structures in the first kilometre radius remained standing. Nagasaki’s Sanno Shrine, only 800 meters from the hypocenter, had three survivors. First, part of one of the shrine’s torii gates remained. After the blast, the torii balanced on one leg. The other leg was flattened, amputated, with the rest of the shrine. Nearby, there were two 500 year old camphor trees. Like the torii, they weren’t fully intact. Their upper portions were ripped away as were many of their branches and all of their leaves. Today, all three Sanno Shinto Shrine survivors are still standing. When the neighbourhood rebuilt and more modern buildings were constructed, the One-Legged Torii was preserved as a reminder of the forces that once tore through the city.

The two trees were once two of the largest camphor trees in the entire city. Topped by the blast, today they are only 10 meters tall. Height, however, does not equal vitality. As the tree’s leafed canopies can testify to– the trees are flourishing.

In 1945, the trees were symbols of hope and a new beginning. Today, they contribute to another message.

The trees recovered, and seedlings were sent far and wide by children wishing for peace. These second-generation trees are now growing healthily at schools and in towns throughout Japan. Over time, no matter what ill winds may blow, we shall never relinquish our commitment to a future that is free from nuclear weapons.

One of the second generation trees resides in the Wellington Peace Garden in New Zealand. “It is a testament to the hope that peace can triumph over war,” Wellington Mayor Kerry Prendergast stated in 2005.

Back in Nagasaki, the original camphor trees and the One-Legged Torii bear the scars of traumas past and stand with determination.

The creations of mankind and the creations of Mother Nature carry on.

Centenary of the New Zealanders

first engagement on the Western Front
 
in the Battle of the Somme.

Victory Medal Commemorative Sculpture

Victory Medal will be at Remembrance Ridge in the Wellington Botanic Garden from
9 September until 13 November 2016.
Located close to the Remembrance Ridge lookout


The dedication 15 September 2016

For the past two years Victory Medal by artist Helen Pollock has been touring museums throughout New Zealand. The installation on Remembrance Ridge will be its final installation in New Zealand.
In mid-November 2016; as did the young men of the provinces a century ago, Victory Medal will leave New Zealand from Wellington for the sea voyage to Europe. It will cross the countryside of Northern France and Belgium, to the three battlefield towns of Arras, Messines and Le Quesnoy.



The Victory Commemorative sculpture arrives in the Wellington Botanic Garden to commemorate the Centenary of the New Zealander's first engagement on the Western Front in the Battle of the Somme. For the past two years Victory Medal by artist Helen Pollock has been touring museums throughout New Zealand. The installation on Remembrance Ridge will be its final installation in New Zealand.

Victory Medal comprises thirty-six pairs of feet, the number of soldiers in a small platoon, laid out in four sections, creating a cross formation. The vulnerability of bare feet acts as a stark reminder of the reality of war. One of these pairs of feet is cast in polished bronze, intended to symbolise the feet of a recognised hero. The others are moulded in rough unprocessed clay to represent a cohesive fighting unit, and are visibly altered and hardened by intense fire over a period of three days.

The sculpture’s installation in the Wellington Botanic Garden will be its final destination in New Zealand. It will be opened during the centenary of the day the New Zealand infantry went over the top into no-man's-land on September 15, 1916. Then Victory Medal will mimic the journey that young New Zealand soldiers made a century ago on the troopship Tahiti, and travel from Wellington to Europe by sea. It will cross the countryside of Northern France and Belgium, to the three battlefield towns of Arras, Messines and Le Quesnoy.

The Tahiti left Wellington on November 15 in 1916, and most on board never returned to New Zealand. Those who did forever had their lives blighted by the experience of war. Once Victory Medal reaches Le Quesnoy in France, it will be installed there permanently to commemorate New Zealand’s liberation of Le Quesnoy. It is fitting that Victory Medal will lie forever in France, like the approximately 7,500 New Zealander's who died there during World War I.




Left: One of the pairs of feet is cast in polished bronze, intended to symbolise the feet of a recognised hero.
Right:  Artist Helen Polllock speaking at dedication ceremony


Wellington Peace Heritage Walk 2009

A Wellington Peace Heritage Walk linking key people and places in New Zealand’s peace history was launched as part of the World March for Peace and Non-violence on Friday 2 October 2009.

The Heritage Walk includes the Gandhi statue, Sonja Davies memorial tree, Kate Sheppard Garden, Hiroshima Peace Flame, Wellington Nuclear-Free City sign, Peace Capital plaque, Peacemaker sculpture, Parihaka memorial and Antarctica monument.  The walk goes through parliament, central business district, the waterfront and the Wellington Botanic Garden and is being launched by the Peace Foundation in conjunction with Living Streets Aotearoa.

“Wellington City and its citizens have been active in promoting peace, tolerance and understanding in the local community and in the world,” says Alyn Ware, Director of the Peace Foundation Wellington Office. “It is wonderful that this history is reflected in a range of sculptures, memorials, trees and historic sites. The Heritage Walk aims to make these treasures, and other related inspirational places, more known, accessible and appreciated.”

Chris Booth, sculptor for the Peacemaker which is situated in the botanic garden, welcomed the World March to his sculpture and discuss its relevance to peace.

“The Peacemaker is part of a trilogy of peace sculptures the other two being the Gateway sculpture in the Auckland Peace Heritage Walk and the Rainbow Warrior Memorial at Matauri Bay, which includes the propeller from the Greenpeace vessel now resting in the bay,” says Mr Booth who comes from Kerikeri.

“The three sculptures were all constructed from basalt rocks retrieved from the ocean, where the pounding of currents had rounded them into harmonious peaceful forms. The intent of each very different work was to accentuate the feeling of holism and to express a conviction for peace and harmony among humankind.”

Kanae Tsuji from Japan read a message from Nagasaki Mayor Tomihisa Taue at the Nagasaki tree, which was grown from a cutting from a camphor tree which survived the 1945 nuclear explosion.

     Full printable version of the Peace Walk brochure
      http://www.fusecreative.co.nz/worldmarch/media/Wellington%20Peace%20Heritage%20Walk.pdf3.
      or
      Wellington%20Peace%20Heritage%20Walk.pdf


World War 1 100th Anniversary Poppy Field 2015

As part of the 100th year anniversary, this battlefield display has been established on the site of the original
Peace Garden on Remembrance Ridge.



2015 ANZAC COMMEMORATION FIELD OF REMEMBRANCE



Fields

of

Remembrance

In April of 2015–2018, part of Wellington Botanic Garden will become a place to reflect on and remember those who died in World War I.

Sited on Salamanca Lawn, towards Salamanca Road, the Fields of Remembrance will feature replica Flanders field poppies and 866 white crosses to commemorate the Wellingtonians who lost their lives during the war.
  10–28 April.
  National War Memorial Buckle Street lit with projected poppy images 2015

Garden images below





Associated trees


This cherry tree was planted by His Excellency Hayato Ikeda, Prime Minister of Japan
4 October 1968 Main Garden, near Joy Fountain.


200 cherry trees  to commemorate the goodwill and friendship
existing between the Japanese and New Zealand people and
 on the occasion of the visit to Wellington of the floating fair 'TS vessel 'Shin Sakura"
20 September 1978

Presented to the City of Wellington, the Wellington Chamber of Commerce
 and Wellington Manufacturers Federation.
 From the Japan Industry Floating Fair Association Tokyo,
the Embassy of Japan, the Japanese Businessmen's Society, Wellington

200 cherry trees planted at various sites within the Botanic Garden
 and the City Gardens.
The plaque is situated at the base of a cherry tree
by the Peace Garden in the Lady Norwood Rose Garden.
Many of the 200 original trees no longer exist
 due to disease (silver leaf and witches broom) and some vandalism,
although a number remain throughout the Garden


This kauri tree was planted to commemorate the United Nations Asia Pacific Regional Disarmament Conference
held in Wellington in March 2001.
Presented by the UN Association of New Zealand.

Located at the western end border dividing the Lady Norwood Rose Garden and Anderson Park













       Lone Pine in cemetery at Gallipoli (left)  and tree in Garden (right)

At the top of Remembrance Ridge a plant of Pinus brutia was planted in memory of the sacrifice of many World War I soldiers. 

The Lone Pine was a solitary tree on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey, which marked the site of the Battle of Lone Pine in August 1915.

Pines which are planted as a memorial to the Australian and New Zealand soldiers who fought in Gallipoli are also known as "Lone Pines" or "Gallipoli Pines", referencing the original tree. The original "Lone Pine" was a sole survivor of a group of trees that had been cut down by Turkish soldiers who had used the timber and branches to cover their trenches during the battle. The tree was obliterated during the Battle of Lone Pine in August 1915. This was a major Australian battle that was planned as a diversion for the bigger battle at Chunuk Bair involving New Zealand troops that followed shortly afterwards. Pine cones that had remained attached to the cut branches over the trenches were retrieved by two Australian soldiers and brought home to Australia.

Following the battle, a pine cone from the Gallipoli tree was sent back to Australia by Sergeant Keith McDowall and 12 years later was propagated by his mother. The resultant seedlings were found to be Turkish Pines, sometimes regarded as a subspecies of Pinus halepensis (Aleppo Pine), but usually classified as a distinct species, Pinus brutia. Four trees propagated from this cone were later planted at war memorials in Victoria, Australia, in 1933-34. However, most ANZAC pine trees planted in Australia and New Zealand to commemorate men lost in the Gallipoli campaign, and in particular the Lone Pine Ridge, are Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) which does not grow naturally in Gallipoli but is found near the Mediterranean coast in Spain, France, Italy, Croatia, Greece, Israel, Syria, Turkey, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco. The origin of these P. halepensis trees is attributed to a cone collected by an Australian soldier from the Turkish trenches off a tree branch, probably brought in from a wood lot or hedgerow planted on the Gallipoli Peninsula.

Two of the most prominent ANZAC pines in New Zealand are radiata pine (Pinus radiata), and one is a Canary Island pine (Pinus canariensis).

Whilst there are several in Australia, the only authentic Pinus brutia in New Zealand from the Gallipoli Lone Pine seems to be the one at the Paeroa Golf Course very likely derived from the cone Sergeant McDowell brought back with him to Australia, and as such must rank as one of the most historic trees in the country.' Recently, the Australian Returned and Services League propagated over 1000 seedlings from the Pinus brutia tree in Melbourne for RSL organisations and schools throughout Australia to plant as memorial trees to commemorate the 100 year anniversary in 2015 of the Gallipoli landings with an authentic descendent of the Gallipoli Lone Pine.

The NZ Forest Research Institute (SCION) has propagated seedlings from the original tree, and some have been distributed in the Hawke's Bay. SCION are keeping two plants for their arboretum and possible further breeding.

At  the Lone Pine Cemetery on the Gallipoli peninsula a solitary pine was planted in the 1920s to symbolise the original Lone Pine. This tree was inspected in 1987 by an Australian botanist and confirmed to be a Stone Pine (Pinus pinea).

The Turkish pine is a tree to 27-35 m, with a usually open crown of irregular branches.

Natural range Primarily in Turkey and far E Greece, secondarily in the Crimea, Caucasus coast, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Crete and Cyprus. It grows at 0-1525 m elevation, below the other indigenous pines of the area, P. nigra Arnold var. caramanica and P. sylvestris var. hamata. Pinus brutia is also found in the Italian province of Calabria (in Roman times: Brutia), but was probably imported there" .


The source of the tree planted in the garden is not currently known but is probably not from the original collecton as described above.


Details provided by Peter Tijsen  and
Nola Sinclair, Past President and Life Member of the Japan Society of Wellington New Zealand,

who originally gifted the lantern to Wellington in 1975

Material also from Shepherd and Cook garden history, 
various Management Plans for the Garden, and Wellington City archives.

Japanese Stone Lantern presented to Wellington City
by the Japan Society of New Zealand

Information taken from the Society records.

 

1968 June 24 From the committee minutes of the Japan Society of New Zealand. The secretary advised the meeting of a suggestion made by Mr. J Malcolm, a member, that a stone lantern be purchased from Japan to present to the Wellington City Council as a nucleus of a Japanese Garden in the Botanic Gardens.

1968 Oct - Nov. A letter from the Japan Society to Ian Galloway the W.C.C. Director of Parks and Reserves outlining the proposal and acceptances from him and the Town Clerk,

1971-72 From the President's Annual Report to the Japan Society of New Zealand. Japanese Stone Lantern - Further progress was made with this project. The W.C.C. has now approved the scheme in principle and the Parks and Reserves Dept. are considering the plans which the Embassy have had prepared and sent to the W.C.C. and our Society.

1972 Mar. 10 Letter to the Japanese Businessmen's Society re. a donation towards the lantern,

1972 April 20 Reply from the Japanese Businessmen's Society offering a donation of $100.00

1972 Aug. 18 Catalogue and price list received from the Tokyo Stone Co.

1972 Sept. 17 From the minutes of the Japan Society - The Secretary was instructed to make arrangements for the purchase of a granite lantern 2 Yi high at a total F.O.B cost of 129,500 yen.

1972 Oct. 10 License from N.Z. Customs to Japan Society of New Zealand to import the lantern,

1972 Nov. 13 Receipt from the Tokyo Stone Co.

1972 Nov 14 Invoice and Packing list from the Tokyo Stone co.

1972 Nov. 22 Japan Line - Bill of Lading 1 set of Stone Lantern (2 cases) 666lbs.

1972 Society Accounts show the Purchase of Japanese Lantern $364.35.

1973 Jan. 4 Insured with the South British Insurance Co. Ltd. For $370.00

1973 Jan. 16 $180.00 duty that was paid on the lantern is refunded.

1973 Jan. The Japan Society newsletter has this item. Stone Lantern - This lantern has now arrived in Wellington for presentation to the City Council as part of the proposed Japanese Garden in the Botanic

Gardens. In the meantime it will be housed in the Begonia House near the Lady Norwood Rose Gardens.

Our Council wishes to thank all those who subscribed to it and also Mr. Les Booth for arranging transport of the lantern from Tokyo. It is a great relief to know it has at last arrived as the cost due to inflation, kept rising and the eventual cost was more than double the price when we began the project.

1975 Sep. 5 Letter from the Society outlining the wording of the plaque for the lantern,

1975 Oct.16 Letter from Town Clerk accepting the proposed wording for the plaque,

1975 Oct. 18 Press release re Japanese Garden and Stone Lantern,

1976 Mar. 3 Confirmation from W.C.C. Director of Parks of his attendance at the handing-over ceremony for the lantern,

1976 The handing -over ceremony for the lantern was held on the morning of 6th March 1976 followed by morning tea at the nearby Sharella Motel.

1992 April 22 Letter to the Curator of Wellington and Otari Botanic Gardens regarding the state of the Japanese Garden and repairs to be made to the lantern,

1992 Aug. From the monthly journal of the Japan Society – TheJapanese lantern has been repaired and returned to its former position in the Wellington Botanic Gardens. Why not call by for a look.

1992 Aug. From the Japan Society minutes - Lantern:- Mrs. Sinclair advised that a site had been proposed for the relocation of the repaired lantern. She is to continue to liase with the Council representatives on this matter.

1993 Sep. 2 Letter from the Curator of Wellington and Otari Botanic Gardens proposing that the lantern be adapted to house the Peace Flame,

1993 Sep. 14 From the Japan Society minutes - Lantern in the Botanic Gardens:- Mrs. Sinclair liases with Mr Oates of the Wellington City Council on this matter. Events are in train to resite the lantern nearer the tourist route, possibly in the lake at the foot of the waterfall and combine it with the Peace Flame which presently resides at the Karori Cemetery.
Moved Mr Feehan. Seconded Mr Morall - That if the plans for the propose resiting and combination are acceptable to the President (who was absent from this meeting), Mrs Sinclair to inform Mr Oates and continue to liase with him on the W.C.C. Plans

1993 Dec. From the Japan Society minutes - Lantern in the Botanic Gardens:-
It was agreed that the sketch submitted by Mr Kundycki showing the re-siting of the lantern, in the pool at the foot of the waterfall, was acceptable and that Mrs. Sinclair contact Mr. Kundycki informing him to proceed.

1994 June 25 The lantern is relocated into its new position in the waterfall pond after being adapted to hold the Peace Flame and the dedication is held.